Theoretical understanding of the geopolitical conflict in classical geopolitics

В. Е. Багнюк

Abstract


The topic of this article the conflictological analysis basic theoretical tenets of classical geopolitics. The basic philosophical and sociological reasons which led to the formation of geopolitics as a science. The author analyzed the main works of the first researchers in the field of geopolitics. In particular were geopolitical analysis is made of the research of scientist such as Friedrich Ratzel, Rudolf Challen, Helford Mackinder, Nicholas Spykman. Attempted analysis revealed general theoretical concepts representatives of classical geopolitical thought about the nature of international relations, have been identified common characteristics and definitions of geopolitical conflict as a phenomenon in world politics. Besides the author was able to identify the common elements so as some of the differences in the approaches of the representatives of classical geopolitical thought about the causes, types and forms of international conflicts. On this basis, the author divided the whole geopolitical representations of classical geopolitics on three theories : organic, anthropological theory and world order. This in turn allows us to consider more broadly the subject field of geopolitics. In this paper the author has consistently advocated the idea of focus on the study of geopolitics conflict more broadly, the study and understanding of the phases of armed conflict, conflict phase with milder forms, as well as the phase of the conflict at the level of political intentions. In this article, geopolitics is regarded as the science that makes its own character and its own character conceptual apparatus of the general theory of conflict. On this basis, given the definition of «geopolitical conflict».

Keywords


geopolitics; geo-strategy; international conflicts; realism; expansion; hegemony

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