Б. А. Исаев, И. Ф. Игнатьева


The article examines the causes, major events and significance of the February revolution in Russia. Among the reasons the author singles out common causes of all Russian revolutions of the twentieth century and private causes exactly the February revolution. The common reasons, according to the author, are: Imperial absolutism, not limited by any elected body, hierarchical, strictly centralized State structure, constricting any initiative, the appointment of senior officials exclusively from among the aristocracy, tight State control over the economy, low purchasing capacity of the population, which did not allow to develop the internal market, instability in the financial market, the lag in modernization, economic freedom of the peasants, the workers, low wages generally low labour costs that has bedeviled the introduction of new technology. Private reasons February author: an unwillingness to respect the King brought his promises in the manifesto of October 17, rejection of democratic reforms, reactionary policies contrary to the General course of things in the country and the world, the collapse of the reforms, Government disorder Stolypin with Duma, the transformation of popular representation in the scenery, after a victorious year 1914 began failures on the front, causing a large influx of refugees, interruptions to supply bread to the capital. Major events of the February revolution the author considers a legitimate order of transfer of power from the King to the Interim Committee of the Duma, the establishment of the provisional Government and its programе of reforms, three crisis, each of which forced the Government to shift, calling it more representatives of the Petrograd Council of workers and soldiers ‘ deputies, members of non-governmental parties, reckoned the Government increasingly coalition. Those forced measures do not solve the main issues of the revolution: peasant, worker, national and world. Delaying reforms to address these issues and served as the main cause of the increasing influence of the Bolsheviks. The value of the February revolution lies in the fact that it was publicly proclaimed Russia’s movement toward egalitarization and the democratization of society, building a Democratic Republic. Calling all the warring States to the conclusion of the democratic world, the February revolution had an impact on the situation on the fronts, caused a chain of democratic revolutions: in Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey. During the February revolution plan tariffs drastically changed the objectives, values and social attitudes towards the recognition of the goals and values of the lower strata of society (the world, land reform, increasing wages and improving working conditions), democratization of all social relations. Russia was proclaimed a Republic. But recognizing new goals and values of the interim Government that has done little to implement them.


The February revolution; the Provisional Government; democracy; political parties; political conflicts; crises; the causes of the revolution; the main events of the revolution; the value of the February revolution


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