THE NATIONALISTIC DISCOURSE IN THE DUTCH GENERAL ELECTIONS OF 2017

Д. А. Абгаджава, А. М. Галатов, А. В. Макарин

Abstract


The article is devoted to the nationalistic discourse that accompanied the parliamentary election campaign of the 2017 year in the Netherlands. The political programs of two parties that predominantly carried out a struggle for the electorate within the space of nation-alistic discourse, is considered. Besides that, the prehistory of relationships between these poli-tical opponents is represented. The influence of migration and management crisis in the EU on the rhetoric of the leading competing political parties chiefs is found. The activity of the main right-wing populist party – The Party for Freedom, that actively operated the strengthening social feelings of islamophobia and anti-immigration and the position of its leader Geert Wildes is characterized. The dynamic of Dutch subjects’ electoral preferences changes for the annual period prior elections is demonstrated by means of using of the public opinion monitoring data during the electoral time. The assumption that there are correlation relationships between the number of events of the electoral cycle and changes of preferences in favor of the one of the can-didates is made. The technology of moderate nationalistic alternative invention, used by the ruling People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy to totally marginalize the political competitor in mass conscious and gather the votes of nationalistic, but not radical electorate, is also described. The interrelation between this technology and the Dutch government’s activity in the foreign policy sphere that led to the conflict with the Republic of Turkey is revealed.

Keywords


Nationalism; Islamophobia in Europe; the Netherlands; Wilders; Rutte; Euroscepticism; the migrant crisis; European Union

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