ATTITUDES OF SERBIAN, MACEDONIAN AND BULGARIAN STUDENTS TOWARDS CONFLICTS AND FACTORS OF PEACE (COMPARATIVE RESEARCH)

Г. Стоич, Л. Митрович

Abstract


Modern society is faced with numerous conflicts: across the globe wars are being fought, terrorist attacks are carried out, ethnic and religious conflicts emerge, social discontents grow into rebellion and violence, the conflicts of the past revive. In many parts of the world there are muffled conflicts — deep social inequalities, separatist demands, elite that foment the hostility to maintain their power. Some conflicts attract worldwide attention and activities of international organizations; victims and destruction in some other conflicts remain on the margins of world attention. The United Nations and UNESCO launched a campaign aimed at developing a culture of peace at the beginning of this century. The campaign has been focused on the development of attitudes and behaviors that promote cooperation and dialogue and exclude violence in solving social problems. Special attention has been paid to young people because education in the spirit of the culture of peace is a long-term investment in the future of the world. The paper discusses the attitudes of students from three Balkan countries (Serbia, Macedonia and Bulgaria) towards social conflicts and the factors that contribute to the maintenance of peace and stability in the Balkans. First it will be pointed to the historical heritage and characteristics of these Balkan societies, and then the results of empirical research of students` attitudes will be presented

Keywords


Conflicts; Students; Attitudes; the Culture of Peace

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