CRISIS OF MODERNIZATION IN POLITICAL PRACTICE ON THE EXAMPLE OF AMERICAN ELECTIONS 2016: CONFLICTOLOGICAL ASPECT

С. В. Смаль

Abstract


Paradoxes of political development make researchers repeatedly turn to rethinking and new reading of long-known theories. In 2016 in the United States of America presidential elections were held, where, it would seem, a sensational victory was won by a representative of the Republican Party. Cassationally expressed crises of modernization are reflected in this voting process. Crises of identity, legitimacy, participation, penetration and distribution of benefits, as well as the crisis of conflict resolution, singled out by some researchers, inevitably exacerbate the inevitable contradictions in the development of so¬ciety. And this society, therefore, is characterized by an increase in the conflict potential of the interaction of constituent socium elements. The article analyzes the causes of D. Trump's victory, as well as the defeats of H. Clinton, lists and interprets the peculiarities of the American electoral field. The author analyzes the absence of a single voter registration register, a single form and procedure for voting, a uniform formula for calculating votes and time spent on this procedure, as well as a number of others. Special attention is paid to the work of the electoral college, which cause a high level of conflict resolution for the countries of developed democracy in voting and making political decisions as a whole. A new interpretation of the «Hawthorne effect» determines both the high reactivity of sociological measurements of the electoral process and the flow of an increasingly obvious political conflict that affects both the establishment and ordinary citizens of the United States of America.

Keywords


elections; modernization crises; electoral colleges; the United States; a republican and democratic political party; a political conflict

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