TERRORISM AND MASS MEDIA: DESTRUCTIVE COMBINE

А. А. Мельникова

Abstract


Currently, the impact of terrorist attacks on a population is exacerbated by: the presence of the informing power of mass media leads to increase in scale and demonstrative brutality of the terrorist acts already committed with the expectation of maximum publicity and taking into account the possibilities of mass media and concentrated to influence public and individual consciousness. In the context of the relationship of media and terrorism examines such phenomena as the shocking aesthetics, social necrophilia and mortelatria. Regarding the first phenomenon, if before the landmark art was excellent (associated, in turn, to contemplation, solace, a sense of completeness and fullness of being), then gradually it begins to supplant the first entertaining, then — surprising, exciting, and now — shocking. Accordingly, cruelty and violence have come to occupy more media space, becoming the backbone for the success of the calculations of terrorists. This focus of media is of course connected with the described by E. Fromm nekrofilskim nature of modern civilization. Passing on all channels information about the destruction, killings, terrorist acts creates a negative picture of reality, which affects a person, leading to the creation (and then enhancing) the individual thrust to this kind of information, orientation on it. Another cultural complex, which the terrorists exploited with the use of mass-media — it is mortelatria (the cult of death perpetrated in the name of some higher purpose). Mortelatria looks attractive because it appeals to the noble impulses of justice and heroic ideals. Attractive mortelatria, first, for the suicide bomber whose act of terrorism serves as a means of improving their status in their own eyes and in the eyes of the environment. Second, the appeal to justice creates the illusion of the ability to change public opinion and actively used by terrorists, who in their statements aim to present themselves as heroes-liberators. In addition, in a separate article an analysis is made of the identity of the suicide bomber, examines the factors contributing to the formation of this identity, and the role of mass media in this process.

Keywords


mass media; terrorism; suicide bomber; the reasons for suicide terrorism; aesthetics shocking; necrophilia; mortelatria; kiberdzhihad; electronic Jihad

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