ON THE QUESTION OF THE PRECONDITIONS OF THE OCTOBER 1917 REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE TRANSFORMATION OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY (1917-1924)

П. В. Кузьмин, А. И. Апселямова

Abstract


The article deals with the comprehension of the ideas and positions within the frame-work of the Marxist paradigm to the preconditions of the October 1917 revolution in Russia, and the practice of the activities of the Soviet government in the period from 1917 to 1924. As the founders' of Marxism and V. Lenin's views to the preconditions of the revolution so the divergence caused by new historical conditions and features of development in Russia are shown in the article. There is an idea that the lack of experience of bourgeois development in Russia and the incompleteness of the bourgeois-democratic revolution significantly complicated the post-October development of Russian society. The novelty of tasks which could be solved after the revolution, the lack of a clear program of socialist transformation and governance experience, and the unity of the actions of the Soviet government led not only to the emergence of acute contradictions in the socio-economic life of the country, but also to violence, terror, and numerous victims. In conclusion we note that the October Revolution as a complex and contradictory phenomenon, an integral part of the history of our country requires an impartial, balanced understanding by the intelligentsia, the older generation and the youth of Russia.

Keywords


socialist revolution; Marxist theory of revolution; Lenin's ideas about the revolution; preconditions and conditions of the revolution; post-October activity of the Bolshevik Party in Russia

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