CASUAL RELEASERS AS CATALYSTS AND INHIBITORS EMOTIONAL HUMAN AGGRESSION: FORMULATING THE HYPOTHESIS

Д. П. Каранов

Abstract


This article deals with the problem of human aggressive behavior and focuses particu¬lar attention on the topic of extreme hostility display to a subject-irritant. In the scientific literature this behavior is repeatedly referred to as the «emotional aggression». Some-times, aggressors in the spontaneous conflict situation lose self-control modifying from the demonstration of hostile intentions to physical violence. This article formulates the hypothesis of situational conditioning for explaining causality of human emotional aggressive behavior. The hypothesis is checked on the basis of two cases — the domestic conflict in the Belgorod hospital and the forcible detention of hijackers in one of the Leningrad region's commuter towns. The first event is recorded on video; the second is reconstructed on the interview with a participant and eye-witnesses. It is revealed with situational analysis that external incentives accelerate or retard an aggressive reaction. The external incentives are defined as situational releasers including influence of unidentified stranger, spatial characters and material background. Moreover, both situations end in same way: the aggression is gradually falling, the some forms of symbolic humiliation take place instead of physical violence. Finally the paper considers that the accomplished comparative analysis provides sufficient grounds to express reliability of the hypothesis of situational conditioning.

Keywords


aggression and conflict; active-aggressive behavior; emotional aggression; aggressive demonstration; catalysis aggression; inhibition aggression; lost self-control; violence; human ethology

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