М. Х. Экзеков


The article gives an analysis of some conflicting aspects and principles of the protection of linguistic and cultural rights of the indigenous small peoples of the Russian Federation on the example of the national republics of the North Caucasus. The thesis is substantiated, according to which culture and language form the core of the national and ethno-cultural identity of the people, as a result of which cultural and linguistic rights occupy a key place in the complex of both the collective rights of the ethnos and human rights of the representatives of this ethnos. In support of this formulation of the issue, the basic provisions and principles of international legal instruments are given, which oblige states to take appropriate measures to provide indigenous peoples with the necessary conditions for studying their national culture and native language, their use in public places, organs and institutions of state power. Therefore, it is natural that the key place is given to the analysis of the provisions of the Constitution and the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as the constitutions (statutes), laws and regulations of the national republics of the region, guaranteeing the protection, preservation and further development of national cultures and languages of indigenous small peoples. Since in one article it is impossible to consider in any detail the state of affairs on this issue in all the national republics of the North Caucasus, a policy has been chosen in this area of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic and the Republic of Dagestan.


Conflicts; types of conflicts; national minorities; indigenous minorities; international law; international legal documents; human rights; collective rights; language; language rights; constitution; laws; the Russian Federation; the North Caucasus


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