THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND THE PARADOXES OF CONSERVATIVE THOUGHT: MONARCHY AND DEMOCRACY IN REPRESENTATIONS OF WHITE EMIGRATION

L. A. Murzanova

Abstract


It has been exactly one hundred years since the revolutionary events that swept Russia and influence to change the course of history not only in our country, but throughout the world. During this century, such a state formation as the Soviet Union was born and collapsed, and it is therefore not just relevant, but an urgent need to rethink the entire heritage of Russian statehood and national identity. Analyses und understanding of the contradictory essence of the Russian revolution of 1917, its causes and consequences, related social conflicts was one of the main directions of the discourse of the white emigration. The article is devoted to conservative views of its representatives — I. A. Ilyin and I. L. Solonevich. Both thinkers adhered to monarchical positions, radiated the greatness of Russia, saw in the Bolshevist regime unreliability and unnaturalness to the Russian system. Iliin and Solonevich largely continued the line of Russian conservative thought, however unlike their predecessors, they held more socially active positions, proclaimed the need for a practical orientation of their work. Their task was to develop a program aimed at the implementation of political action in the present or future. According to the author, today the study of the heritage of Russian emigration thinkers is becoming more urgent, which is justified by the accuracy of their forecasts and arguments about the realities of Russian society and the consequences of the revolution.

Keywords


Russian revolution; I. A. Ilyin; I. L. Solonevich; conservatism; monarchy; democracy; freedom; social hierarchy; legal consciousness; the elite; the civilizational conflict

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