CUBAN REVOLUTION: PASTAND CHALENGES

G. I. Kolarov, N. N. Chencov

Abstract


This article analyzes the history and current state of the Cuban Revolution and the Cuban-American relations, taking account of their recent official restoration, and of friendship and cooperation between Havana and Moscow, after the disintegration of the USSR. At its time, the Cuban revolution began as a national liberation movement, then developed into a socialist one, under the influence of Moscow and because of the need for military and financial-economic assistance to withstand the confrontation with the US, which Kremlin had and provided. The sharp deterioration in relations with Washington left the Cuban ruling group with no choice but to stick tightly to the Soviet leadership and copy the model of Soviet socialism in the country, despite very different natural, climatic, anthropological, socio-psychological conditions. As a result, after the collapse of the USSR, the so-called 'special period in peacetime' began in Cuba, which subjected the Cubans to severe trials. Barack Obama visit to Cuba marked the beginning of a new phase in the relationship of the Island of Freedom with the West. The death of Fidel Castro, in its turn, has become a catalyst for political processes and the prioritization of the foreign policy. Meanwhile, the new US administration can turn off the steps of its predecessors, and the future of the Cuban regime will depend on the analytical abilities and speed of reaction of the Cuban authorities. The survival of the Cuban Revolution and the preservation of social gains on the Island of Freedom are under the watchful eye of President Donald Trump and his team. The curb of the 'left turn', the financial, economic, and socio-political crisis in Venezuela, significantly complicate the task of the Cuban leadership to maintain an acceptable standard of living for the vast majority of the Cuban population. The upcoming personnel changes in Havana, due to the generation change in the political and military elite, are able to shake the Republic of Cuba to its foundations. Officially, the successor of Raul Castro is Mguel Diaz Cannel. He has long and persistently moved up the hierarchy to the top of power in Havana.

Keywords


Cuba; history; relationships; revolution; war; terrorism

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