SPECIFICITY OF THE MORAL FACTORS INFLUENCE ON THE VALUES CONFLICT IN MODERNIZED AND MODERNIZING SOCIETIES: COMPARATIVE CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Г. П. Артёмов

Abstract


The article is devoted to the analysis of the features of the influence of moral attitudes and moral assessments of social groups on their value priorities in conditions of social stability and social transformations. The article shows that the opposite moral attitudes and moral assessments of groups occupying opposite positions in the social structure are associated with orientations toward opposite life goals. In contrast, intermediate moral attitudes and moral assessments of social groups occupying middle positions in the social structure are associated with an orientation toward a combination of opposing life goals. This article reveals the interrelation of moral and social factors that contribute to a decrease in the degree of value polarization and an increase in the degree of value consolidation in the process of modernization of industrial countries and their transition to the post-industrial stage of development. The main hypothesis of the study is the assumption that the polarization of opposing value orientations predominates in the modernizing societies, due to the predominance of social cleavage in the system of interaction of different groups of the population. In modernized societies, the consolidation of opposing value orientations predominates, due to the prevalence of social harmony in the system of different population groups' interaction. As an empirical basis of the article, the materials of the sixth wave (2010-2014) of the World Values Survey are used.

Keywords


moral attitudes; moral evaluations; value polarization; value consolidation

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