NEOPATRIMONIAL STRUCTUES IN THE CENTRAL ASIA SOCIETY AND A STRUGGLE FOR POWER (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TAJIKISTAN)

Д. В. Овсянников, А. С. Власкина

Abstract


After the collapse of the Soviet Union in Tajikistan as well as in other former Soviet republics, there was a change of policy, respectively, and the population was drawn into the process. The situation was also influenced by the heterogeneity of Tajik society, which is manifested in the differences on a regional, social, confessional. Most of the coun¬try is covered by mountains (about 93%), which had a significant effect on the folding of the Tajik ethnic identity based on regional rather than a national principle. On the other hand, the social structure of the eastern society is very different from the European, has certain peculiarities of attitude, social relations, a kind of social differentiation and stratification. The relationship between the members of a society based on a certain hierarchy rooted in the past. A social individual is understood not as an individual but as a collective, respectively, and the economic relations, consciousness, self-consciousness is determined by the membership to this community. Therefore, ethno-regional associations play such an important role in society. These circumstances put in serious contradictions, aggravated during the Tajik Civil War of 1992-1997. Many researchers find the cause of conflict in the economic backward-ness of the region, its most populous, heterogeneity of the ethnic composition of the population. Other researchers are increasingly focused on the influence of ethnic and regional elites in the conflict in Tajikistan, considering that the Civil War was the result of a power straggle among different ethnic and local groups.

Keywords


Ethno-regional elites; Civil War; avlod; social differentiation and stratification; power; hierarchy; conflict; Central Asia; Tajikistan; regional identity; identity; ethnicity; nation; men's houses; Pamir; Khujand; Garmis; Kuliabis rivalry

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.