THE CONCEPTION OF THE MULTITUDE: SHIZO-ANALYSIS AND THE MULTITUDE QUA A RESISTANCE TO «EMPIRE»

Э. Сеяма

Abstract


In the article the author discusses shizo-analitycal approach which is imitating schizophrenic "machine" form and was established by Deleuze and Guattari. Socalled "desiring machines" presuppose certain conception of the unconscious desire, based on the Nietzsche's concept of the will to power. The machine drive motive consists of the uncon-scious of the individual as a source of desire which Deleuze and Guattari evaluate as exceptionally positive. Desire, therefore, is a way of a deep human entity. Obviously, the conception of the shizoanalysis is tightly bond with Marxism: first of all it is rather the emphasis on the concept of production than the notion in the interpretation of the unconsciousness. The body without organs is an immanent plan, the organ as a certain function is being opposed to the organism as an enemy of the desiring machine which defines body form without organs. In a schizophrenic plan the process of the deterritorization opposes to negative repressiveness of the territorization process on which despotic formation are based. Capitalism needs "Oedipus". Conflict between the organism qua an object where the entire dominates over all the parts and desiring machines on the body without organs where the parts do not subordinate to the entire lies in the superiority of the "molecular" regime of the unconsciousness over "molar". In the article author considers the definition of the Negri's and Hardt's empire concept. Empire is first and foremost a stoppage of the historical time. On the basis of this conclu-sion Negri and Hardt define the multitude as a total of all the people who appear under the supremacy of the global sovereignty and modern day capitalism and claim that it is the multitude that becomes the subject which is capable of resisting to the Empire. Practically speaking, Hardt and Negri criticize the Empire however we should not assume that they proclaim the antiglobalism. In consequence of this the multitude is a project of the "other civilization" which is a straightforward unity of the worldwide nation against Empire qua a command order of the modern world. Within the examination of the shizoanalysis author addresses the Foucault's conception of the control which is defined by two moduses. The key role in the control plays an agent who switches on the action and is called tehne. Tehne is a introduction procedure of the agile relations between forces and through such a functioning of tehne subject's action is being carried out.

Keywords


desiring machines; shizoanalysis; body without organs; molar and molecular; Empire; multitude; control; tehne

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