SACRIFICE TODAY. TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF MIMETIC CONFLICT

С. Т. Крутиков

Abstract


This article analyzes the mimetic conflict, the concept proposed by Rene Girard, from the point of view of philosophical chronology. According to Girard, every conflict by its nature is mimetic — the subjects are initially oriented not to their own desires, but ones of the other. As a result, all sorts of collisions occur for the right to possess the object of desire. In order to minimize the destructive potential of mimetic desire, society uses the figure of scape goat, whose slaughter temporarily pacifies the crowd. A victim should simultaneously belong to the society and be different from the majority like perverts, invalids, beggars and so on. Chronological analysis shows that despite the cultural recognition of a consistent time model in which one «now» in infinity is replaced by the another, the society, founded by the mechanism of sacrifice, implicitly imposes to individuals a different, archaic form of time. The conflict between two temporal forms, between line and circle, does not exist for such a society, the difference of profane and sacral temporality in it is removed, and the event of sacrifice from the cosmogenic act becomes the principle of everyday life and everyday practices. Real sacrificial violence losing its sacred meamng, dissolves, and with it the certainty of the boundaries of the victim and persecutor is lost, and real violence becomes a mode of awareness of violence. Thus, accepting the concept of the mimetic conflict, it is found that the acceleration of social time, perhaps, is no more than an increase of intensity of sacrifice that is realized not so much as real, but virtually in media space: in news tapes, serials, talk shows, etc. — as permanent awareness of the victim.

Keywords


Rene Girard; victim; violence; time; sacrifice; persecutor; mimetism; mimetic conflict; sacral; profane; media

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