THE SOCIAL COHESION: THE STATE AND WAYS OF ACHIEVING IN MODERN SOCIETY

N. D. Sorokina

Abstract


The article deals with the concept of social cohesion, as well as various approaches to its study. It is shown, that modern society is characterized by such features as a high level of social inequality, poverty. There is a limiting factor in achieving social harmony. Other factors may include an information war, increasing competition over limited resources between countries, value differences, etc. So there is the problem of reaching cohesion in modern society. Issues of cohesion were reflected in various sociological concepts. Thus, this problem was considered by the French sociologist E. Durkheim in connection with the theme of solidarity. Human solidarity is not possible without cohesion, social harmony as a fundamental principle. The author examines this concept in connection with the concept of solidarity. The methodological basis of the consensus approach is the structural-functional theory developed by T. Parsons, R. Merton and K. Davis. The problem of social harmony was also considered by John Rawls. The theory of equality and justice J. Rawls called the theory of «complete agreement». Recently, the issue of cohesion has been developed in connection with the issue of conflict. So well-known agonistic approach Sh. Muff, who proposed the term «conflict consensus». A number of researchers, for example, V. Vasilyev, considers the problem of social harmony from the point of view of common interests, noting that there is an antagonistic social structure with oppositely significant interests in our Russian reality. The article analyzes the results of a sociological survey on the prospects of achieving social harmony in modern Russian society; it is concluded that it is difficult to achieve social harmony because of social inequality, differences in the values of representatives of different social groups, a high level of conflict relations in Russian society.

Keywords


social cohesion; approaches to the study of social cohesion; social inequality; the conflict potential of Russian society; the ways to achieve social cohesion

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31312/2310-6085-2019-14-1-9-23

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