RUSSIA–2021: RESULTS AND PROSPECTS OF GEOPOLITICAL EXPANSION 

Н. В. Устинова

Abstract


December 2021 marks the 30th anniversary of the collapse of the USSR and the formation of the CIS. This event, which has undoubtedly become one of the largest geopolitical changes in the history of not only our country, but also the world community as a whole, requires a new theoretical understanding and understanding. After the official end of the Cold War, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the deep socio-economic crisis and many other problems that our country has had to face in the last three decades, the idea that Russia has lost its former Soviet power is implausible. The main thesis that we will prove in the framework of the article can be described as follows: the Eurasian space acts as a testing ground for new management mechanisms and solutions for Russia. We are talking about the return and strengthening of the country's status as a regional power (“gendarme of Europe”, “geopolitical predator”) with the help of various methods of geopolitical expansion: control and expansion of space (primarily economic, military-strategic, information), diplomatic pressure, strategies to deter the enemy, etc. The article analyzes the current geopolitical problems of Russia. On the one hand, these problems are a consequence of the loss of the former status of a “world Soviet power” (loss of territory, expansion of NATO, ideological “compression”). On the other hand, it is caused by the actions of the current Russian leadership and, as a result, by the hostility, diplomatic wars, and new sanctions from the international community (for the “persistent” construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline, the “annexation of Crimea”, the “poisoning of the opposition leader A. Navalny”, support for the “Syrian regime”, etc.).

Keywords


geopolitical expansion; global power; regional power; post-Soviet space; military power

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-3-23-32

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