Discursive Contention with «Traumatic Past» of Image of Russian Secret Services

Э. А. Ганюшкина


In this article the specific aspect of the discursive contention of the alternative historical interpretations of the image of Russian secret services is analyzes in the context of the formation of the post-Soviet nation-state identity. The author draws attention to the fact that the model of interpretation of the history of security in the official discourse is based on the revision of historical portrait of FSB and the eradication of the negative experience of negative experience of generational memory. It is noticeable that for the purposes of image improvement of the security officials the official political discourse focuses on the distinct areas of the historical field possessing positive semantic and symbolic charge. It’s quietly obvious that in the process of political struggle the opponents of the modern ruling elite due to the scantiness of the authoritative resources strive to take advantage of strategic potential of the historical material in order to inflame the focal points of symbolic conflicts in the space of public police and express their axiological disagreement with the current regime. In such a way, discursive impugnment of the constructive image of chekists through «black myths» of the history and appellation to the collective traumatic past, allows counter elite to increase the number of their followers and to reduce the confidence level to political rival in the name of official authority.


Russian special service’s form; the conflict of interpretations; historical politic; the discursive contention with «traumatic past»; the «instability export» technology

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