The Man and the Museum: Conflict of Interest

E. G. Sokolov


Article is devoted to studying of the conflict which with always exists between museum practice and existential needs of the person. The universal museum activity which extended for the last hundred fifty years is not such positive as it is considered to be. The tendency of a total museumfication of artifacts in museum space, which can be observed today everywhere substantially is obvious sign of trouble new European cultural models. E. Fromm, one of late representatives of psychoanalysis investigating manifestations of negative tendencies in modern reality specifies among other abnormal and destructive symptoms and a necrophilia, and also describes its characteristic signs. Many from aspects of life of the modern person and the practice, which got general support, for example, technologization, aspiration to sterility and purity, a photo boom, etc. — are signs of necrofile anthropological installations. In the museum this is fully implemented “the program of a necrophilia”. It is admissible to claim that this institution contains the conflict: between an obvious necrofile tendency of preservation and mummification of objects and vital intensions of the person. Also the fact that by means of the museum there is a total control of reality in general, and human in particular is important. Through a name, a rubrication, the systems of a signification, practice of division and formation of legitimate groups of objects, investment with sense and history the system of statements is formed. It that also defines life contours and also controls it. This control is exercised by means of discourses, which act as primary instance judging and regulating reality in relation to which the person and human life — are secondary and rigidly limited in the actions and acts.


person; existential requirements; sadism; necrophilia; discourse of the power; total control; approval of reality

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