Ikbal M.A. Dyurre


In most cases, neocolonialism is mentioned and investigated in an economic sense, as the establishment and maintenance of unequal trade and economic relations between the former metropolises and colonies due to the formed and maintained economic, as well as institutional, cultural, educational weakness of the latter. However, neocolonialism, as colonialism, has other areas of application, and in particular, ideological and historical. This paper examines the transition from the Treaty of Sevres to the Treaty of Lausanne in relation to the fate of the Kurdish people and their potential for independent, sovereign development. The First World War ended a century ago. But the point, of course, is not in a round date, but in the relevance of the subsequent agreements on a new world order. Over the past century international relations as a whole have changed significantly, and instead of several colonial powers, two future superpowers started to compete in all areas, including the ideological. However, the lie that the colonialists resorted to, establishing a new world order, continues to be the basis of the modern conflict around the Kurdish problem and not only it. Despite recognition a century ago, the rights of all peoples to an independent existence, even today the Kurdish people have no national state, remains divided between the borders defined by the former colonial powers. Despite the condemnation of colonialism, its «heritage» in the form of state boundaries drawn with one purpose or another even today are the cause of numerous territorial conflicts. In this sense, the decolonization process is still incomplete.


Kurds; Kurdistan; Treaty of Sevres; Treaty of Lausanne


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