Problems Balanced Adjustment of Immigrants to New Ethnocultural Environment

Ю. О. Сулягина

Abstract


The article analyses the peculiarities and problems of adaptation of migrants to other ethnic environment. In turn, one of the fundamental characteristics of social and cultural adaptation — adequacy of the response of migrants on the impact of the new environment — primarily in significant changes in external conditions of their life and the inner psychological state.

The vast majority of subjects adaptation consists of various categories of migrants caught in a socio-cultural environment; however, some Ethnography new culture «bring» to the territory of their permanent residence (representatives of indigenous peoples, irredentist groups).

Conceptual model adaptation «U-curve» has spread in the world of science in the 1970's XX century and presumes displaced in a different culture for the three main stages of adaptation — the initial stage of dignity and optimism, further period of confusion, frustration and depression (stage «culture shock»), replaced gradually achievement psychosocial comfort of life in new conditions.

The nature and result of inter-ethnic relations is largely determined by the purposes, which are put before itself migrants.

The problem of diagnostics of adaptation is solved by removing parameters from two sides: on the internal information criterion in most cases receive from the person, for external use so-called «objective assessment» from the environment. For the assessment of adaptation on the system criterion there are also the only two sources: self-identity and external evaluation.

Enormous significance to a number of macro-social factors — political and socio-economic situation in the host country and in the world, the nature of immigration and ethnic policy of the authorities, the legal status of migrants, the presence (or absence) of public organizations and associations of compatriots (associations, national-cultural autonomies, associations etc.), the scope of their activities, the level of corruption and crime (and hence the safety of migrants) and many others.

Thus, the inevitable result of a massive international migration is different ways of interactions migrants with the host ethnic majority and realized as on social-group and individual levels.


Keywords


migration processes; adaptive processes; adaptation strategies subjects adaptation; sociocultural adaptation; social and psychological adaptation; «cultural shock»; socio-cultural environment; cultural-communicative and socio-psychological identity

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References


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