PERFECTIONISM AS A CONFLICT FACTOR

Е. Н. Иванова, А. О. Поденков

Abstract


The article is devoted to the study of different types of perfectionism influence on occurrence of interpersonal conflict and its connection with impersonal conflict. Perfectionism is defined as regular pursuit of unattainable perfection focused on excessive standards. The article shows the multidimensionality of this phenomenon reflecting first of all spreading perfectionist's intention to achieve perfection either to himself or to others, or globally. The emphasis on the idea that perfectionism can have either neurotic or healthy nature on which its conflictogenity is dependent is made in the article. To overcome the ambiguity of this phenomenon understanding it’s proposed to use the term “pseudo-perfectionism” to name a “healthy” form of perfectionism. The distinct origins of perfectionism formation — under parental pressure in childhood or during adulthood under economic conditions pressure, especially profound in the modern world are revealed in the article. The certain form of perfectionism emergence is provoked by these affections depending on a number of conditions. The forms of perfectionism differ by their conflict potential degree and ability of their carriers to adapt to society. It’s accentuated in the article that personal neurotic perfectionism formed under unfavorable conditions provokes fear of failure, inadequate responsibility for the activity results, thinking in “all or nothing” format and self-esteem rigid dependence on an achievement level is emphasized in the article. Pseudo-perfectionism increases activities’ essence significance, promotes adequate results’ assessment standards establishment and is reflected in individual’s realistic requirements to his performance level. The conflict potential of different forms of perfectionism is investigated. Directed at the individual himself it’s distorting his basic needs and causing intrapersonal conflict which in turn creates the ground for interpersonal collisions. When directed towards others perfectionism provokes interpersonal conflicts directly. The idea that both neurotic and pseudo-perfectionism have a conflict potential, but the nature and prospects of conflicts caused by these forms differ significantly is carried out.

Keywords


perfectionism; forms of perfectionism; pseudo-perfectionism; intrapersonal conflict; interpersonal conflict

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31312/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-1-55-65

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