SOCIOCULTURAL COORDINATES OF POLITICAL STRATEGIES OF MODERN ENTREPRENEURSHIP: RUSSIAN CASE

А. В. Алейников, Д. А. Мальцева, О. Д. Сафонова

Abstract


The article examines the value foundations of entrepreneurial activity in Russia, reveals the national specifics of interaction between the state and business. In this regard, the authors analyze the causal mechanisms and socio-cultural prerequisites for structural deformations of classical forms of entrepreneurship in Russian society, the stereotypes of articulation of political and ethical justifications by entrepreneurship of economic strategies in their relationship with the characteristics of national human capital. Based on the methodological premises of W. Baumol's concept, the authors describe the patterns of transformation of entrepreneurial values, paying special attention to the sociocultural and political factors in the development of productive, unproductive and destructive (destructive) entrepreneurship in modern Russia. Productive entrepreneurship develops due to the generation of innovative rent, unproductive entrepreneurship makes a profit due to the redistribution of the state treasury and assets, and destructive entrepreneurship develops due to the use by political actors of their capabilities to force entrepreneurs to pay political rent. Historical examples demonstrate the role of private Russian capital in creating a system of "political rent seeking" unproductive for society and creating political preferences for the realization of economic interests. The focus of the article is also concentrated on the study of the correlation of the value attitudes of Russian business with the resource-oriented economy and the peculiarities of the Russian political regime, the historical and cultural context of the political discourses of Russian business entities, which creates, establishes or imposes rules and norms not only economic, but also political, social, legal behavior. The manifested values, meanings and political and ethical substantiation by Russian business of everyday economic practices and their movement into the political sphere are revealed; historical forms of expression of political positions by entrepreneurship are decoded. On the other hand, the article analyzes the political mechanisms of the state's construction of the institutional design of entrepreneurship and its management.

Keywords


power; entrepreneurship; political dominance; values; political strategies; sociocultural factors

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31312/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-1-66-75

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