ETHNICITY IN CONFLICTS IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS: TRENDS OF THE THIRD DECADE OF THE 21st CENTURY

В. А. Авксентьев, Б. В. Аксюмов, Г. Д. Гриценко

Abstract


The ethno-political crisis in the North Caucasus has ended by now. However, the threat of destabilization of interethnic relations and growth of ethno-political tension remains. The article examines the role of ethnicity in conflict situations in the North Caucasus. To identify trends in the development of regional ethno-political, interethnic processes, various empirical methods of conflict studies were used, in particular, event analysis and content analysis. As a result of the event analysis of publications posted in the online media outlet “Caucasian Knot”, as well as in some other regional Internet resources the most frequently encountered news topics were identified. These are publications about events in which, first of all, the significance of ethnic traditions is revealed. Despite the seemingly depoliticized topic of ethnic traditions, it was found that some of the publications about the importance of ethnic traditions have a negative context, thus indicating the presence of risks of tension in interethnic relations. Also, publications presenting news about the use of ethnicity in politics, ethno-historical trauma, and on tensions or conflicts in relations between different ethnic groups were frequently posted in Internet resources. The conducted event analysis of publications made it possible to draw a conclusion about the prevalence of the tendency of politicization of ethnicity in regional socio-political processes. At the same time, according to the results of the content analysis of the “supra-ethnic” mass media in all federal subjects of the Russian Federation located in the North Caucasian Federal District, there is a potential for depoliticization of ethnicity in the region. Such a potential is the topic of modernizing the economy of the North Caucasus macro-region based on the introduction of high-tech production that is in demand in the media.


Keywords


North Caucasus; ethno-political processes; ethno-political conflicts; politicization of ethnicity; event analysis; content analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-2-81-93

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