WHO IS ALLY, WHO IS ENEMY? NEW LEFT IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA

С. А. Сергеев

Abstract


The article analyzes the development in modern Russia of organizations and groups that can be defined as “new” or “libertarian left”. Sharing such left values as egalitarianism and the public good, the new or libertarian left advocates the abandonment of all forms of hierarchy and domination, for the expansion rather than limitation of individual rights. Groups and circles inspired by the ideas of the new left appeared in the USSR in the 1970s, were persecuted by the KGB, and in the late 1980s, participating in the civil movement, made an important contribution to the dismantling of statist “real socialism” and democratic transition. Today, in the Russian left libertarian movement, three currents can be distinguished: neoanarchism, neo-Trotskyism and “hybrid” organizations and groups that combine in their ideology and practice certain features of the “old” and “new” left (for example, the Left Front). The relations of the Russian libertarian left with the main political forces in Russia — the liberals, the “old left” and Russian nationalists — were generally of a conflict nature (although not everywhere and not always). The “old left” (the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and other communist parties) and the libertarian left share the same attitude towards Stalin and the USSR; however, the Left Front, which in the early 2010s, represented himself as a left-wing alternative to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, in recent years he agreed to the role of her junior partner. The antifa movement, which emerged in the 2000s based on anarchist and autonomist movements, was in a fierce confrontation with Russian nationalists. During the protests of 2011–2012 a de facto alliance of the libertarian left, civil and liberal movements and nationalists was formed, which subsequently disintegrated. In 2019–2021 many libertarian leftists again tended to form a united front with the liberals (while maintaining their own identity), which is not surprising: after all, the social base of both is urban educated youth.

Keywords


new left; libertarian left; anarchists; Trotskyists; Left Front

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-3-78-89

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