PHILOSOPHICAL AND HISTORICAL UNDERSTANDING CORRELATIONS, COLLISIONS AND THE ROLE OF CULTURAL AND CIVILIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES IN THE FATE OF RUSSIA

Н. Г. Гузынин

Abstract


The article considers the complex and contradictory relationship of cultural and civilizational principles in the long-suffering fate of Russia as the most important aspect. The author proceeds from the fact that it is in the dialectic of culture and civilization that the fate of Russia, its present and future are largely hidden. In the correlation of cultural and civilizational principles in the history of Russia, reflecting it from the position of due, despite the more significant role of culture, yet, since the time of Ivan the Terrible, civilization has prevailed over culture. In the historical context of Russia, tense relations and collisions between cultural and civilizational beginnings arise, which inevitably affects the fate of Russia. The collisions in the relationship between these two principles of the past are extrapolated to the present and directly affect the fate of modern Russia. There is an urgent need for a certain reformatting of Russian culture in post-Soviet Russia. The essence of the matter is that going on a civilizational road from the present to the future, it is very important to pass the cultural experience of the past through the selection of the present for successful use in the civilizational development of Russia in the future. It is contemporary Russian culture that is called upon, without starting from its root basis, to accumulate all the best cultural achievements of the modern world and skillfully generate them in the dynamic development of Russian civilization.

Keywords


culture; civilization; correlation; fate; paganism; dionysism; ideologeme; paternalism; egalitarianism; antinomies

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31312/2310-6085-2021-16-4-69-82

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